What exactly is cellulite?
Cellulite it is a pre-disease state. Its presence indicates a lymphatic and blood flow disorder in the areas where this problem occurs. These areas can become sensitive because local innervation is affected by the vascularization deficiencies.
Blood supply is essential for the health and function of the skin tissue. In time, a reduction of the blood flow, hence of oxygen supply, causes generative transformations in the connective fibers; these, in turn, change their structure, lose their elasticity and transform into fibrous mini strings which will no longer allow the fatty tissue to keep its evenness. The aspect of the fatty tissue will become nodulous due to the fibrous tissues, the vascular pedicles are compressed, and the blood supply is lowered even more. Occasionally, cellulite areas are painful, phenomenon explained by the nodular formation of fat and its compression exercised upon the nerve endings in the skin.
Regulation of vascularization is controlled from the level of the cortex, spinal cord, bulb and hypothalamus; this regulation process responds promptly to massive stress hormone discharges in the blood flow and is in tight-connection with the adrenal glands’ hormones.
Main factors that determine the appearance of cellulite
After the age of 40, aging mechanism of the skin begin to make their presence known, so much so that the skin becomes thinner, harsher and more atrophied; seborrheic glands and sweat glands shrink and water levels drop dramatically. Collagen fibers atrophy and change their composition, as well as their distribution. At the same time, elastin fibers modify structure and become thicker.
Vascularization diminishes, vascular resistance lowers, local metabolic processes lower too and metabolic toxic biproducts accumulate. The most aggressive external factors that encourage the installation and evolution of aging processes in the skin are uncontrolled exposure to sunlight or other sources of ultraviolets and cigarette smoke. Genetic factors and lifestyle factors, as well as eating habits, all contribute to this aging process.
Stress levels are an important factor as well because stress hormones mobilize fatty acids in adipose tissues, while female sexual hormones have the opposite effect - by promoting the deposit of fat, especially on a hypodermal level. The combination of stress hormones and female hormones enhances the onset and evolution of cellulite. This process explains the reasoning behind keeping a permanent balance between diet, physical exercise, stress levels, sleep and relaxation.
4 stages of cellulite development:
Stage 1: cellulite can be evident only through the skin fold test (a skin fold is formed between 2 fingers)
Stage 2: the "orange peel" aspect- can be seen with the naked eye as the person is standing and it is no longer visible when the person is laying down in their stomach.
Stage 3: the "orange peel" aspect is still present even when the person is laying down on their stomach.
Stage 4: "monstrous cellulite", characterized by the combination of stage 3 cellulite areas with deep fat deposits and massive edemas.
Therapy and anticellulite treatments
Stage 1 cellulite typically disappears 100% after a minimum number of treatment sessions; usually does not require the combination of different therapies.
Stage 2 cellulite imposes a larger number of treatment sessions, therapy combinations are welcome, duration of treatment can be longer. Usually, the involution of cellulite is a gradual process.
Stages 3 and 4 of cellulite require much more therapeutic effort, results are mostly limited to an involution of cellulite aspect or a regression of the stage, never a total regression of cellulite.
The evolution of cellulite is not necessarily ascendant, meaning that once it is present it will most certainly evolve towards the next stage. Most frequently, cellulite sets in around the ages of 28-30 years old, and in the absence of dietary or important hormonal excesses, cellulite may well stagnate in its incipient forms for a number of years.
The therapy and anticellulite treatments as follows: Manual massage, Mesotherapy, Ozone therapy, Electrostimulation, Ultrasound therapy, Infrared radiofrequency waves, Pressotherapy, Body peeling, Body wraps. Reflexotherapy, Manual lymphatic drainage.